To Joyce's early readers, his allusions were often snippets of shared experience - snatches of song, newspaper headlines, ephemeral literature with which he and his contemporaries were familiar. Nowadays the reader of Joyce's fiction cannot be expected to share that turn-of-the-century knowledge. At times we do not even recognize that Joyce is alluding to some external source. The links below elucidate some of the references that have so far escaped notice or confounded researchers.
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