A Fuller picture of the
9.783-6: The christian laws which built up the hoards of the jews (for whom, as
for the lollards, storm was shelter) bound their affections too with hoops of
Reading or browsing through
his copy of the Rev. William Henry Summers’s
Lollards of the Chiltern Hills: Glimpses of English Dissent in the Middle Ages
(London: 1906), Joyce’s eye apparently fell on the following paragraph, which
deals with the Lollards’ fate in the mid fifteenth century:
reason for the cessation of
referred to in the last chapter was
probably the growing weakness of the House of Lancaster. The losses in France,
the rebellion of Cade in 1450 (when there is no mention of religious
grievances), and above all the outbreak of the Wars of the Roses in 1455, might
all tend to make its supporters feel it impolitic to add to the number of its
enemies. As Fuller beautifully says of the Lollards, "The very storm was their
Thomas Fuller was an English churchman and
historian of the seventeenth century. He is best remembered today as the author
of “Fuller’s Worthies”, The Worthies of
England, published posthumously in 1662.
His original version of the passage from the Church-history of 1655 reads:
now the sound of all
was drowned with the noise of
And yet this good was done by the
it diverted the
from troubling the
so that this very storme was a shelter to those poor souls, and the heat of
these intestine enmities, cooled the persecution against them.
Joyce may also have found the expression limbo patrum (literally the “Limbo of
the Patriarchs”) in Summers’s book rather than in Shakespeare’s Henry VIII, where its slang meaning “prison”
does not fit the context in the Scylla and Charybdis episode:
is the ghost from
returning to the world that has
forgotten him? (
Summers quotes one John Ryburn as saying
to his sister:
never made such fasting days," said John; "but you are so far in
that you can never turn again."
William Henry Summers, The Lollards of the Chiltern Hills: Glimpses
of English Dissent in the Middle Ages (London: 1906), ch. 7 p. 65. The book is one of those found in Joyce’s Trieste library.
Summers was born in 1850 and died in 1906.
Church-history of Britain from the birth of Jesus Christ until the year
M.DC.XLVIII (London: 1655), Century 15, book 4, p. 190.
Summers, The Lollards of the Chiltern
Hills: Glimpses of English Dissent in the Middle Ages (London: 1906), ch. 15,
p. 147. Summers is citing Foxe’s Actes and Monuments (1583), K. Henry
8, p. 984.