Gifford Corrections 2

Corrections and additions to Gifford’s
Ulysses Annotated and Joyce Annotated

 

This page offers brief corrections and additions to the published glossaries of Joyce’s work, notably Ulysses Annotated: Notes for James Joyce’s Ulysses by Don Gifford (with Robert J. Seidman) and Joyce Annotated: Notes for Dubliners and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, by Don Gifford.

Notes are restricted to the simple format illustrated below, and the editors hope that as the number of these notes builds up they will come to form a useful adjunct to the reading of Joyce. Contributors are invited to send their own findings to the editors for online publication. Contributions that are not identified by name in the text are by the editors.

Red highlighting marks new corrections.


Ulysses Annotated

Telemachus     Nestor     Proteus     Calypso     Lotus Eaters     Hades     Aeolus     Lestrygonians
Scylla and Charybdis     Wandering Rocks     Sirens     Cyclops     Nausicaa     Oxen of the Sun
Circe     Eumaeus     Ithaca     Penelope

Hades

  6.1-506 Bloom entered and sat in the vacant place: can we tell where each of the four friends sat on the ride to Prospect Cemetery? - see the article In the carriage for Paddy Digram's funeral: Bloom was right all along

  6.11 armstrap: for contemporary descriptions and images of the armstrap through which Bloom passed his arm on entering the mourning coach see The forgotten arm-strap

  6.180 Antient concert rooms. Nothing on there: was this true as Bloom's carriage drove past? see Rooms for Antient Concerts

  6.183 the bleak pulpit of saint Mark's: the church's unusual feature described in The destruction of the open-air pulpit at St Mark's

  6.186 Elster Grime Opera Company: for a brief history of the company read the article Elster and Grime and the Grand Old Opera

  6.186 Big powerful change: what was a "powerful change" at a theatre?: see All Change at the Empire Palace

  6.247 Crofton: the fiction and reality of a minor character, in James Crofton: a tradition of public service

  6.235 snuff at a wake: a feature of old Irish wakes explained in An expression tossed about like snuff at a wake

  6.308 adelite: the origin of the word (not an obscure name for a mineral): see the article adelite - a delightful colour word?

  6.394-7 fifth quarter: the horn, skin, and other profitable substances lost to the butcher when cattle are sold as live weight - see the article The fifth quarter is the butcher's profit

  6.447-8 James M'Cann's hobby to row me o'er the ferry: references to Thomas Campbell and Samuel Ferguson in the article Two poetic snippets: row me o'er the ferry and maledictive stones

  6.448-51 to heaven by water: the old association of the watery road to heaven and drowning in the article Treading water to paradise

  6.459-62 Thos. H. Dennany: Dennany's memorial business investigated in Thos. H. Dennany on a spit of land

  6.461-2 white silence: Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Hiram Powers's sculpture the "Greek Slave" discussed in White silence in marble

  6.612 doner: "doner" validated at the expense of "goner" in the article Done but not forgotten

  6.788 Spurgeon went to heaven: the source for the quandary over whether Charles Spurgeon went to heaven or hell immediately after his death in the article Is Spurgeon in heaven?

  6.851 picture of sinner's death: for a fine example of the sinner-on-his-deathbed picture see the article Death of a sinner

  6.886-7 He died of a Tuesday: for the original anecdote behind this expression see Hanged of a Tuesday

  6.939-41 Eulogy in a country churchyard: earlier variations of the misquotation can be found in An anatomy of Gray's Eulogy


Aeolus

  7 professor MacHugh: for the life story of  Hugh McNeill read The reluctant professor MacHugh

  7.21-4 Prince's stores: the true location of the "stores" described in The Prince and the Freeman

  7.88 workaday worker: Nannetti's column exposed in the article Workaday workers in the printing works

  7.166 spellingbee conundrum: for the background to the symmetry of a peeled potato and other spelling posers see the article Spellingbee conundrum

 7.195-202 Old Monks, the dayfather: see Monks, night fathers, and day fathers for further information on dayfather and Old Monks

  7.236 GREEN GEM OF THE SILVER SEA: for the history of the expression see The green gem of Ireland set in the silver sea

 7.246-53 Changing his drink: the use of this expression in the nineteenth century clarifies Joyce's use, in Changing his drink

 7.261-4 Subleader for his death: a term from the everyday jargon of newspapers, in the article Take me to your subleader!

 7.292 Cleverest fellow at the junior bar: discover J.J. O'Molloy's real-life counterpart in The short but remarkable life of John O'Mahony

  7.337 Wetherup: the fiction and reality of another minor character: see the article William Weatherup: what the newspapers said

  7.367-8 Ohio! The editor crowed in high treble from his uplifted scarlet face. My Ohio!: for the song behind the reference see A perfect cretic floating down the O-hi-O

  7.388 Sports tissues: the story of the racing telegram, in the article Racing expresses and sporting tissues

  7.439-41 crossblind: read up on this decorative feature in The crossblind crux

  7.449 Steal upon larks: the expression found in 1912, in the article Stealing upon larks

  7.497 the first chapter of Guinness's: the history of an old pun told in the article Genesis good for you

  7.588 What opera is like a railway line?: earlier references to Lenehan's joke exposed in My brandnew riddle - the Rose of Castile

  7.592-4 strong weakness: a strong weakness for drink well documented in nineteenth-century Ireland - see the article Mr O'Madden Burke's strong weakness

  7.612-13 a fresh of breath air: two Lenehanisms predated, in the article Lenehan and the great outdoors

  7.626-56 Ignatius Gallaher: the true-life story of Joyce's quintessential Dublin journalist investigated in the article Ignatius per ignotius: the short life and extraordinary times of Fred Gallaher

  7.655 Bransome's coffee: based on Branson's coffee in the early twentieth century - see the article The Coffee Riddle

  7.813 ferial tone: the implications of this explained in Undertones of the sacred offices

  7.922-4 dear dirty Dublin: the history of the celebrated old Dublin expression and its association with Lady Morgan explored in Lady Morgan and "dear dirty Dublin"

  7.966-9 a child bit by a bellows: find how Joyce discovered the headline in Newsboys and the child-biting bellows

  7.1021-2 SPEEDPILLS: for the various meanings of the word see The benefit of speedpills


Lestrygonians

  8.5-6 throwaway: follow the scrap of paper down the Liffey at A crumpled throwaway: an arresting tale

  8.117 base barreltone: Fun magazine makes the same joke in 1866 - see the article Beery bass baritones

  8.138 Winds that blow from the south: identified in Library World (1960, vol. 61, p. 239) as the refrain from Whisper and I shall hear (c1891): words by G. Hubi Newcombe and music by S. Piccolomini. The sheet music is accessible here, at the NYPL Digital Library. The words are also available here in the Palace Journal (1892), 11 November). See p. 353, column 2.

  8.153-4 Pat Claffey, the pawnbroker's daughter: see the article Pat Claffey and the Dublin convents for the historical facts about Pat Claffey's daughters

  8.167 Flies' picnic: (humorously) a "feast" for flies, or a "banquet" around which they cluster. The expression is not unique to Joyce. The New York Journal (cited in the Lafayette Advertiser from Louisiana on 20 July 1889) reproduces this doggerel poem entitled "The Flies' Picnic" in its "Budget of Fun":

     The festive flies with vigor flap
     Their little wings and stare With winkless eyes to find the chap
     Whose head is minus hair.
     And when they find their luckless prey
     They light upon his head, And skate across his crown all day
     Until he goes to bed.

A more sober example occurs in John Ward's Life Histories of Familiar Plants (1908: ch. 2, p. 24), in his discussion of sycamore trees:

Why these flies are gathered there becomes obvious presently; they are seeking the sycamore  flowers. There are blow-flies, flesh-flies, dung-flies, house-flies, hover-flies, alder-flies, and innumerable other species; there are honey-bees, humble-bees, and solitary bees of many kinds; indeed,  it is a veritable flies' picnic.


  8.181 Bartell d'Arcy: read about the Pro-Cathedral's famous tenor Bartle M'Carthy in the article The man behind Bartell d'Arcy

  8.255-9 What is it? Mr Bloom asked, taking the card. U. P.?: for a historical account of the expression "U.P:up" see the article U.P: up and away

  8.258-9 Someone taking a rise out of him: for Breen's possible postcard persecutor see The anonymous libeller of Denis Breen

  8.337 James Carlisle: see Carlyle one. Carlisle nil on the spelling of the real James Carlyle's surname

  8.362-6 Hardy annuals: see Hardy annuals in the nursery of life for the history of annuals as plants and children

  8.417 Julia Morkan: see The Misses Flynn's grand annual concerts, in the series of articles on the Flynn family (Flynnlandia, or the rise (and fall) of the House of Usher)

  8.470-1 a walk with the band: was this really coined by the Salvation Army - see Musical breakfasts and a walk with the band
 
  8.506-7 puffed, powdered and shaved:
follow Joyce's expression in Puffed and powdered, cocked and shaved

  8.515-6 retire into public life: Joyce's expression had a history - see Retirement into public life

  8.602 harvestmoon face: the popular metaphor is researched in the article Shine on, Harvest Moon

  8.744-7 White missionary too salty: read earlier references to this point of view at Salty missionaries

  8.755 Cheese digests all but itself. Mity cheese: see the article Mity cheese for rhymes and sayings behind Joyce's expression

  8.889 miss Dubedat: see the article Marie Dubedat - the Irish Nightingale for a brief biography of the singer


Scylla and Charybdis

  9.48-50 Art has to reveal to us ideas, formless spiritual essences. The supreme question about a work of art is out of how deep a life does it spring: see the article Æ IOU: two debts to Russell? from two contemporary magazines

  9.130-2 sledded poleaxe: read Hamlet's sledded poleaxe for an explanation of "sledded"

  9.150 limbo patrum: for a likely source in Joyce's Trieste library see A Fuller picture of the Lollards

  9.279 yogibogeybox: read The mystic yogibogeybox for new information on the history of the word

  9.592 In the daylit corridor: exploring the library's floor plan in the article The Corridors of the National Library

  9.737-8 The doctor can tell us: the case for Edward Dowden made in A doctor but not Dr Freud

  9.770-1 Amplius. In societate humana hoc est maxime necessarium ut sit amicitia inter multos: quoting from Aquinas in the article Aquinas on Friendship

  9.779-80 the new Viennese school: for the possibility of a new Vienna in Dublin see the article A doctor but not Dr Freud

  9.783-6 storm was shelter: for the source in Joyce's Trieste library see A Fuller picture of the Lollards

  9.890-2 Come, mess: read help on this unusual usage at A mess of four

  9.1105 Irish nights entertainment: was this a common expression? - see A night of Irish entertainment


Wandering Rocks

10.3-5 walk to Artane: find out whether the O'Brien Institute was Father Conmee's objective in Swansway: Father Conmee's walk to Artane

10.41-4 Ger Gallaher: the story of Ignatius Gallaher's nephews, in Gerald and Brendan Gallaher: the next generation

10.44-53 Brunny Lynam: the life of one of Joyce's friends from school or college, researched in Brunny Lynam the medical student

10.385 Susy Nagle's: for details of one of Dublin's fashionable dressmakers see the article Susy Nagle and her concertina skirt

10.491 Crampton court: for new evidence on Rochford's involvement with this Central Dublin location read the article Tom Rochford's smart idea at Crampton Court

10.506 Lynam's: investigate the whereabouts of Lynam's betting office and other details of the Lynam family in the article Popping into Lynam's

10.538 sir Charles Cameron: not the Irish-bom proprietor of newspapers in Dublin and Glasgow, as Gifford suggests. Sir Charles Alexander Cameron (1830-1921) was Chief Medical Officer of Health and Public Analyst for Dublin. Among his recreations he listed "attending musical and Masonic dinners" (Who Was Who 1916-28 (1929), p. 165). (John Smurthwaite 02/12)

10.543 number 7 Eccles street: discover the history of Bloom's house in The demise of Ithaca

10.625-7 Potterton: the background story of Robert Potterton revealed in the article In Lunacy of Potterton

10.651-3 J. A. Jackson, W. E. Wylie, A. Munro and H. T. Gahan: for the real lives of four of Joyce's Trinity sporting cyclists see the article Wheelmen don't eat quiche

10.658 Head upon shoulder: an expression for someone who appears to have no neck explained in the article Head upon shoulder

10.752-4 crumpled throwaway: follow the scrap of paper down the Liffey at A crumpled throwaway: an arresting tale

10.1004 conscript fathers: Gifford refers to the one hundred new Roman senators appointed by Brutus. The application to local politics is not original to Joyce: see OED conscript adj. sense 1b and references such as this from the Weekly Irish Times of 7 August 1886, p.1:

The Conscript Fathers and leading citizens of Dublin have invited 'the Colonials' to visit Dublin towards the close of August, when the streets of 'the second city in the kingdom', as Ireland's metropolis is style {in Irish prints), will be filled with a gay cosmopolitan crowd, whom the annual Horse Show at Ball's Bridge will attract for the festive week.

10.1220-2 charming Soubrette: follow the history of the expression in The "charming soubrette" of the stage