Gifford Corrections 2

Ulysses Annotated

Telemachus Nestor Proteus Calypso Lotus Eaters Hades Aeolus Lestrygonians

Scylla and Charybdis Wandering Rocks Sirens Cyclops Nausicaa Oxen of the Sun

Circe Eumaeus Ithaca Penelope

Other works


6.1-506 Bloom entered and sat in the vacant place: can we tell where each of the four friends sat on the ride to Prospect Cemetery? - see the article In the carriage for Paddy Digram's funeral: Bloom was right all along

6.11 armstrap: for contemporary descriptions and images of the armstrap through which Bloom passed his arm on entering the mourning coach see The forgotten arm-strap

6.151 Did you read Dan Dawson’s speech?: see more about this in Charles Dawson - lecturer on talking about everything

6.180 Antient concert rooms. Nothing on there: was this true as Bloom's carriage drove past? see Rooms for Antient Concerts

6.183 the bleak pulpit of saint Mark's: the church's unusual feature described in The destruction of the open-air pulpit at St Mark's

6.186 Elster Grime Opera Company: for a brief history of the company read the article Elster and Grime and the Grand Old Opera

6.186 Big powerful change: what was a "powerful change" at a theatre?: see All Change at the Empire Palace

6.247 Crofton: the fiction and reality of a minor character, in James Crofton: a tradition of public service

6.235 snuff at a wake: a feature of old Irish wakes explained in An expression tossed about like snuff at a wake

6.308 adelite: the origin of the word (not an obscure name for a mineral): see the article adelite - a delightful colour word?

6.394-7 fifth quarter: the horn, skin, and other profitable substances lost to the butcher when cattle are sold as live weight - see the article The fifth quarter is the butcher's profit

6.447-8 James M'Cann's hobby to row me o'er the ferry: references to Thomas Campbell and Samuel Ferguson in the article Two poetic snippets: row me o'er the ferry and maledictive stones

6.448-51 to heaven by water: the old association of the watery road to heaven and drowning in the article Treading water to paradise

6.459-62 Thos. H. Dennany: Dennany's memorial business investigated in Thos. H. Dennany on a spit of land

6.461-2 white silence: Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Hiram Powers's sculpture the "Greek Slave" discussed in White silence in marble

6.612 doner: "doner" validated at the expense of "goner" in the article Done but not forgotten

6.788 Spurgeon went to heaven: the source for the quandary over whether Charles Spurgeon went to heaven or hell immediately after his death in the article Is Spurgeon in heaven?

6.851 picture of sinner's death: for a fine example of the sinner-on-his-deathbed picture see the article Death of a sinner

6.886-7 He died of a Tuesday: for the original anecdote behind this expression see Hanged of a Tuesday

6.939-41 Eulogy in a country churchyard: earlier variations of the misquotation can be found in An anatomy of Gray's Eulogy


7 professor MacHugh: for the life story of Hugh McNeill read The reluctant professor MacHugh

7.21-4 Prince's stores: the true location of the "stores" described in The Prince and the Freeman

7.88 workaday worker: Nannetti's column exposed in the article Workaday workers in the printing works

7.166 spellingbee conundrum: for the background to the symmetry of a peeled potato and other spelling posers see the article Spellingbee conundrum

7.195-202 Old Monks, the dayfather: see Monks, night fathers, and day fathers for further information on dayfather and Old Monks

7.236 GREEN GEM OF THE SILVER SEA: for the history of the expression see The green gem of Ireland set in the silver sea

7.246-53 Changing his drink: the use of this expression in the nineteenth century clarifies Joyce's use, in Changing his drink

7.261-4 Subleader for his death: a term from the everyday jargon of newspapers, in the article Take me to your subleader!

7.292 Cleverest fellow at the junior bar: discover J.J. O'Molloy's real-life counterpart in The short but remarkable life of John O'Mahony

7.337 Wetherup: the fiction and reality of another minor character: see the article William Weatherup: what the newspapers said

7.367-8 Ohio! The editor crowed in high treble from his uplifted scarlet face. My Ohio!: for the song behind the reference see A perfect cretic floating down the O-hi-O

7.388 Sports tissues: the story of the racing telegram, in the article Racing expresses and sporting tissues

7.439-41 crossblind: read up on this decorative feature in The crossblind crux

7.449 Steal upon larks: the expression found in 1912, in the article Stealing upon larks

7.478-9 Brixton: the background to Moore's use of Brixton (and Brixton Empire) is investigated in George Moore and the Brixton Empire

7.497 the first chapter of Guinness's: the history of an old pun told in the article Genesis good for you

7.588 What opera is like a railway line?: earlier references to Lenehan's joke exposed in My brandnew riddle - the Rose of Castile

7.592-4 strong weakness: a strong weakness for drink well documented in nineteenth-century Ireland - see the article Mr O'Madden Burke's strong weakness

7.612-13 a fresh of breath air: two Lenehanisms predated, in the article Lenehan and the great outdoors

7.626-56 Ignatius Gallaher: the true-life story of Joyce's quintessential Dublin journalist investigated in the article Ignatius per ignotius: the short life and extraordinary times of Fred Gallaher

7.655 Bransome's coffee: based on Branson's coffee in the early twentieth century - see the article The Coffee Riddle

7.684-6 The Old Woman of Prince's street: the history of the expression explained in An old woman in Prince's street

7.813 ferial tone: the implications of this explained in Undertones of the sacred offices and in John O'Mahony and the Language of the Outlaw

7.922-4 dear dirty Dublin: the history of the celebrated old Dublin expression and its association with Lady Morgan explored in Lady Morgan and "dear dirty Dublin"

7.966-9 a child bit by a bellows: find how Joyce discovered the headline in Newsboys and the child-biting bellows

7.1021-2 SPEEDPILLS: for the various meanings of the word see The benefit of speedpills

7.1067 He halted on sir John Gray's pavement island: Joyce would have spotted this extremely rare compound in Wyndham Lewis's novel Tarr: "... where the Boulevard du Paradis and Boulevard Pfeifer cross with their electric trams. = In the middle is a pavement island". Joyce received the relevant number of the Egoist where the novel was serialized in late April 1916, and by 9 June 1918 he was in possession of it in book form.


8.5-6 throwaway: follow the scrap of paper down the Liffey at A crumpled throwaway: an arresting tale

8.117 base barreltone: Fun magazine makes the same joke in 1866 - see the article Beery bass baritones

8.138 Winds that blow from the south: identified in Library World (1960, vol. 61, p. 239) as the refrain from Whisper and I shall hear (c1891): words by G. Hubi Newcombe and music by S. Piccolomini. The sheet music is accessible here, at the NYPL Digital Library. The words are also available here in the Palace Journal (1892), 11 November). See p. 353, column 2. (JS)

8.153-4 Pat Claffey, the pawnbroker's daughter: see the article Pat Claffey and the Dublin convents for the historical facts about Pat Claffey's daughters

8.167 Flies' picnic: (humorously) a "feast" for flies, or a "banquet" around which they cluster. The expression is not unique to Joyce (HB). The New York Journal (cited in the Lafayette Advertiser from Louisiana on 20 July 1889) reproduces this doggerel poem entitled "The Flies' Picnic" in its "Budget of Fun":

The festive flies with vigor flap

Their little wings and stare With winkless eyes to find the chap

Whose head is minus hair.

And when they find their luckless prey

They light upon his head, And skate across his crown all day

Until he goes to bed.

A more sober example occurs in John Ward's Life Histories of Familiar Plants (1908: ch. 2, p. 24), in his discussion of sycamore trees:

Why these flies are gathered there becomes obvious presently; they are seeking the sycamore flowers. There are blow-flies, flesh-flies, dung-flies, house-flies, hover-flies, alder-flies, and innumerable other species; there are honey-bees, humble-bees, and solitary bees of many kinds; indeed, it is a veritable flies' picnic.

8.181 Bartell d'Arcy: read about the Pro-Cathedral's famous tenor Bartle M'Carthy in the article The man behind Bartell d'Arcy

8.255-9 What is it? Mr Bloom asked, taking the card. U. P.?: for a historical account of the expression "U.P:up" see the article U.P: up and away

8.258-9 Someone taking a rise out of him: for Breen's possible postcard persecutor see The anonymous libeller of Denis Breen

8.337 James Carlisle: see Carlyle one. Carlisle nil on the spelling of the real James Carlyle's surname

8.242 Husband barging: Gifford notes that "To 'barge' is to speak roughly or abusively". This is OED's barge v.2, though the Irish English use is captured best by Joseph Wright's English Dialect Dictionary, where the noun barging is defined as "scolding in an abusive manner", and is identified from Irish and northern English sources. (JS)

8.362-6 Hardy annuals: see Hardy annuals in the nursery of life for the history of annuals as plants and children

8.417 Julia Morkan: see The Misses Flynn's grand annual concerts, in the series of articles on the Flynn family (Flynnlandia, or the rise (and fall) of the House of Usher)

8.470-1 a walk with the band: was this really coined by the Salvation Army - see Musical breakfasts and a walk with the band

8.506-7 puffed, powdered and shaved: follow Joyce's expression in Puffed and powdered, cocked and shaved

8.515-6 retire into public life: Joyce's expression had a history - see Retirement into public life

8.602 harvestmoon face: the popular metaphor is researched in the article Shine on, Harvest Moon

8.605 Take off that white hat: trace the history of this expression in the music halls in Of white hats and stolen donkeys

8.744-7 White missionary too salty: read earlier references to this point of view at Salty missionaries

8.755 Cheese digests all but itself. Mity cheese: see the article Mity cheese for rhymes and sayings behind Joyce's expression

8.889 miss Dubedat: see the article Marie Dubedat - the Irish Nightingale for a brief biography of the singer

8.894-5 ignorant as a kish of brogues: for the history of this expression see Kishes, brogues, and ignorance

8.971-4 one woman ... hid in a clock: who was she? Answers in The Lady Freemason and the clock

8.1035 Wonder if Tom Rochford will do anything with that invention of his?: Thomas Henry Rochford's patent application 27,617 of 19 December 1908 for "Improvements in Programme Indicators for theatres of Varieties, Music Halls and the like" was unearthed, carefully described and illustrated by Eamonn Finn in the James Joyce Broadsheet 80, June 2008, p. 1. The invention is presented to readers of Ulysses in the "Wandering Rocks" episode. See also 10.491.

Scylla and Charybdis

9.48-50 Art has to reveal to us ideas, formless spiritual essences. The supreme question about a work of art is out of how deep a life does it spring: see the article Æ IOU: two debts to Russell? from two contemporary magazines

9.130-2 sledded poleaxe: read Hamlet's sledded poleaxe for an explanation of "sledded"

9.150 limbo patrum: for a likely source in Joyce's Trieste library see A Fuller picture of the Lollards

9.279 yogibogeybox: read The mystic yogibogeybox for new information on the history of the word

9.487 You were speaking of the gaseous vertebrate, if I mistake not?: Buck Mulligan's satirical phrase derives from Ernst Häckel's The Riddle of the Universe (Die Welträtsel, 1899), translated into English by Joseph McCabe in 1900. It appears on page 235 in chapter xv of that translation [HB in Alistair Stead, "The Gaseous Vertebrate Unriddled": published in James Joyce Broadsheet No. 62, June 2002, p. 3]:

God is adored as a 'pure spirit' without a body. 'God is a spirit, and they who worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.' Nevertheless, the psychic activity of this 'pure spirit' remains just the same as that of the anthropomorphic God. In reality, even this immaterial spirit is not conceived to be incorporeal, but merely invisible, gaseous. We thus arrive at the paradoxical conception of God as gaseous vertebrate.

9.491 Was Du verlachst wirst Du noch dienen: the quotation, based on a Russian proverb, is from the German translation of Turgenev's essay "Hamlet and Don Quixote", where it correctly reads: "Was du verlachst, dem wirst du noch dienen". The missing pronoun is due to an error in the transmission of the phrase in the genesis of the episode.

9.539 There be many mo: Fittingly, in the context of the so-called Shakespeare chapter, the phrase Stephen quotes is from an Elizabethan lute song "Farewell, dear love". The context there reads [Harald Beck and Alistair Stead, "Resolving 'Risolve’”: published in James Joyce Broadsheet 72, October 2005, p. 3]:

Shall I bid her go? / There be many mo', / Shall I bid her go? / What and if I do? / Shall I bid her go and spare not? / O no, no, no, no, I dare not.

9.592 In the daylit corridor: exploring the library's floor plan in the article The Corridors of the National Library

9.615 His pale Galilean eyes were upon her mesial groove. Venus Kallipyge: in his autobiography The Story of my Heart Richard Jefferies (see 9.354) describes a visit to the National Gallery in London [HB in Alistair Stead, "Of Tilebooks and Mesial Grooves": published in James Joyce Broadsheet No. 61, February 2002, p. 3]:

The glowing face of Cytherea in Titian's Venus and Adonis, the heated cheek, the lips that kiss each eye that gazes on them, the desiring glance, the golden hair - moulded into features this face answered me. Juno's wide back and mesial groove, is anything so lovely as the back?

9.961 springhalted: Joyce changed his typescript text “The quaker librarian came anear” to “The quaker librarian springhalted near”, thereby adding another element which may derive from Shakespeare’s vocabulary: Henry VIII act 1 scene 3 line 13: “They haue all new legs, And lame ones; one would take it ... the Spauen A[nd] Spring-halt rain'd among 'em.” The OED defines springhalt as: “A condition in horses characterized by involuntary flexion of the hind leg or legs.” Among the many ironic descriptions of Lyster’s gait in this episode this clearly the most sarcastic one.

9.737-8 The doctor can tell us: the case for Edward Dowden made in A doctor but not Dr Freud

9.731-2 Buck Mulligan suspired amorously: investigate Joyce's quotations from Swinburne in “He told me about, hold on, Swinburne, was it, no?” Buck Mulligan and the poet

9.770-1 Amplius. In societate humana hoc est maxime necessarium ut sit amicitia inter multos: quoting from Aquinas in the article Aquinas on Friendship

9.779-80 the new Viennese school: for the possibility of a new Vienna in Dublin see the article A doctor but not Dr Freud

9.783-6 storm was shelter: for the source in Joyce's Trieste library see A Fuller picture of the Lollards

9.890-2 Come, mess: read help on this unusual usage at A mess of four

9.941: S. D: sua donna. Già: di lui. Gelindo risolve di non amare S. D.: Stephen's recondite allusion here is to a song from Lo scrigno armonico [The Harmonic Jewel-Box], a little-known tablature published circa 1648 by Stefano Pesori, a Mantuan guitarist, guitar teacher and composer: 'Gelindo risolve di non amare la traditrice'. Stephen Dedalus plays with the abbreviation for "sua donna" used in this song and in a few others in the collection and his initials S. D. [Harald Beck and Alistair Stead, "Resolving 'Risolve’”: published in James Joyce Broadsheet 72, October 2005, p. 3

9.1105 Irish nights entertainment: was this a common expression? - see A night of Irish entertainment

Wandering Rocks

10.3-5 walk to Artane: find out whether the O'Brien Institute was Father Conmee's objective in Swansway: Father Conmee's walk to Artane

10.41-4 Ger Gallaher: the story of Ignatius Gallaher's nephews, in Gerald and Brendan Gallaher: the next generation

10.44-53 Brunny Lynam: the life of one of Joyce's friends from school or college, researched in Brunny Lynam the medical student

10.385 Susy Nagle's: for details of one of Dublin's fashionable dressmakers see the article Susy Nagle and her concertina skirt

10.491 Crampton court: for new evidence on Rochford's involvement with this Central Dublin location read the article Tom Rochford's smart idea at Crampton Court. See also 8.1035.

10.506 Lynam's: investigate the whereabouts of Lynam's betting office and other details of the Lynam family in the article Popping into Lynam's

10.538 sir Charles Cameron: not the Irish-bom proprietor of newspapers in Dublin and Glasgow, as Gifford suggests. Sir Charles Alexander Cameron (1830-1921) was Chief Medical Officer of Health and Public Analyst for Dublin. Among his recreations he listed "attending musical and Masonic dinners" (Who Was Who 1916-28 (1929), p. 165). (John Smurthwaite 02/12)

10.543 number 7 Eccles street: discover the history of Bloom's house in The demise of Ithaca

10.625-7 Potterton: the background story of Robert Potterton revealed in the article In Lunacy of Potterton

10.651-3 J. A. Jackson, W. E. Wylie, A. Munro and H. T. Gahan: for the real lives of four of Joyce's Trinity sporting cyclists see the article Wheelmen don't eat quiche

10.658 Head upon shoulder: an expression for someone who appears to have no neck explained in the article Head upon shoulder

10.752-4 crumpled throwaway: follow the scrap of paper down the Liffey at A crumpled throwaway: an arresting tale

10.1004 conscript fathers: Gifford refers to the one hundred new Roman senators appointed by Brutus. (HB) The application to local politics is not original to Joyce: see OED conscript adj. sense 1b and references such as this from the Weekly Irish Times of 7 August 1886, p.1:

The Conscript Fathers and leading citizens of Dublin have invited 'the Colonials' to visit Dublin towards the close of August, when the streets of 'the second city in the kingdom', as Ireland's metropolis is style {in Irish prints), will be filled with a gay cosmopolitan crowd, whom the annual Horse Show at Ball's Bridge will attract for the festive week.

10.1134-6 Dublin's pet lamb: Pet lambs in Dublin examines the meaning of "pet" in 19th-century boxing circles

10.1220-2 charming Soubrette: follow the history of the expression in The "charming soubrette" of the stage

Previous page / Next page